Will Eisner is a name that commands the utmost respect in the world of comics and graphic novels. Born on March 6, 1917, in Brooklyn, New York, Eisner was a pioneer in the field of comics during a career that spanned nearly eight decades. His innovative storytelling, layouts, and art on his newspaper comic strip series ‘The Spirit’ inspired a generation of cartoonists. But his most significant contribution was popularizing the term “graphic novel” and helping to establish the medium as a form of literature with his own groundbreaking works.
Eisner’s career started in the late 1930s when he co-founded a studio producing comics featuring characters like Doll Man and Blackhawk. His most famous creation from this era, however, was ‘The Spirit,’ a detective crime-fighting character. ‘The Spirit’ was a seven-page insert in the Sunday newspaper that ran from 1940 to 1952. Despite its placement in the comics section, ‘The Spirit’ was a cut above the average comic strip of the time, featuring mature storytelling and innovative visual techniques that were years ahead of their time.
After ‘The Spirit’ ended, Eisner turned his attention to educational and instructional comics, producing works for the US Army and various industries. It wasn’t until the late 1970s that he returned to the world of fiction, producing what he called a “graphic novel.”
In 1978, Eisner published ‘A Contract with God,’ a collection of short stories that revolved around life in a Bronx tenement. This work is often cited as one of the first graphic novels, and its publication helped establish the term and the format. The book’s mature themes and innovative storytelling techniques proved that comics could be a medium for serious, literary works.
Eisner continued to produce graphic novels for the rest of his career, exploring themes such as the immigrant experience, the Holocaust, and the world of comics itself. His other notable works include ‘The Building,’ ‘To the Heart of the Storm,’ and ‘The Plot: The Secret Story of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.’
Will Eisner passed away in 2005, but his influence on the world of comics and graphic novels cannot be overstated. The ‘Eisner Awards,’ named in his honor, are the most prestigious awards in the comics industry. His book ‘Comics and Sequential Art’ is considered a seminal work on the theory of comic storytelling and is still used as a textbook today.
Eisner’s influence can be seen in the works of many contemporary cartoonists and graphic novelists. His commitment to pushing the boundaries of what was possible in the medium, both in terms of storytelling and art, paved the way for the graphic novels of today. As graphic novels continue to gain recognition as a legitimate form of literature, it’s important to remember the pioneers like Will Eisner who helped make it all possible.